Introduction to the Five Factor Model of Personality
Here are some of the better materials to start with in understanding the Big Five or Five Factor Model of personality.:
Big Five personality traits
From Wikipedia: In psychology, the “Big Five” personality traits are five broad factors or dimensions of personality discovered through empirical research. They are also referred to as the “Five Factor Model” (FFM). The five factors are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism (OCEAN, or CANOE if rearranged). Each factor consists of a cluster of more specific traits that correlate together. For example, extraversion includes such related qualities as sociability, excitement seeking, impulsiveness, and positive emotions. The Five Factor Model is a purely descriptive model of personality, but psychologists have developed a number of theories to account for the Big Five…
Personality: What Makes You the Way You Are by Daniel Nettle
From Amazon: “An authoritative, challenging, even profound analysis of the most up-to-date research into its subject. An engaging book about the state of the art in personality research…offers clear, succinct, engaging descriptions of the five-factors, calling on current research as much as on examples of individuals…The soundness of its underlying research and its extensive endnotes and references give this little book empirical weight.”
“The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives” John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999) in L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (Vol. 2, pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford Press.
An online “Big Five” test: